International Holocaust Memorial Day 2023

Ernst Natan Jacobi sculling in Berlin before the 1939 – 1945 War. He was deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau in 1943 and is presumed to have been murdered there. Picture: Yad Vashem Photo Archive 15000/14098073

27 January 2023

By Tim Koch

International Holocaust Memorial Day is held every 27 January (the anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz-Birkenau, the largest Nazi death camp) to remember the six million Jews murdered during the Holocaust 1933 – 1945, alongside the millions of other people killed under the Nazi persecution of other groups and during more recent genocides: Cambodia 1975 – 1979; Rwanda 1994; Bosnia 1995; Darfur since 2003. Some would say that at least one modern country is notably absent from this list.

Platform 17 at the Grunewald Station, Berlin, was the principal location for deporting the city’s Jews to the camps of the East. In 1998, metal plates were inserted along the track at the now disused Platform 17, one for every transport train that left from there. Each plate includes the date, the number of people deported, and the destination. One marks Transport 29, 19 February 1943, the train that took Ernst to the gas chambers. Picture:

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